Anavar (Oxandrolone) – APEDs – Drugs Index

Anavar (oxandrolone) is an artificial steroid belonging to the Androgenic-Anabolic steroid class of drugs. Oxandrolone is a derivative of testosterone, similar to male hormone (testosterone), which is mainly used to increase body fat (muscles). However, its misuse leads to nausea, extreme trauma, persistent infections, etc.

According to the European journal of public health, “approximately 1 in 5 American athletes intakes one form or another form of this androgenic anabolic steroid” [1].  These drugs are mainly prescribed or even taken illegally by bodybuilders, athletes, or other people.

However, most people use these drugs to enhance their physical appearance, leading to the following side effects.


  1. It also causes severe headaches and unbearable leg cramps that don’t heal by themselves.
  2. Gynecomastia, Turner syndrome, acne, and baldness appear as well in females as a side effect.
  3. Inhibition of testicular function, chronic priapism, and bladder irritability occurs in men if the dose is taken without prescription.
  4. One of its deadliest effects is decreased glucose tolerance, increase creatinine excretion, high productivity of serum levels of creatinine phosphokinase.

Risk Associated:

Consuming an excessive amount of oxandrolone sometimes increases the risk factor of liver failure, liver cyst, decreased kidney function, and many more. For instance, peliosis hepatis is when liver tissues or splenic tissues are replaced with a blood-filled cyst. These risk factors are reported in patients receiving androgenic anabolic steroid therapy.

Moreover, jaundice and hepatitis may occur with 17-alpha-alkylated androgens at a low dose. If this hepatitis appears or liver function becomes abnormal, oxandrolone should be discontinued as soon as possible.