Oxymetholone, also called Anadrol, is an anabolic-androgen steroid. It is a synthetic hormone having similar characteristics to testosterone. Also, it increases the synthesis of erythropoietin responsible for the production of red blood cells. Therefore Anadrol is used to treat anemia associated with chemotherapy and chronic renal failure.
Most athletes, powerlifters, and bodybuilders use it to increase their performance. Risk factors are minimal when used with the consultation of a medical specialist. However, due to its possible life-threatening side effects, it should not be consumed to improve physical appearance or athletic performance .
The most common side effects of using Anadrol include acne, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, mood swings, and insomnia. In addition, the person may experience restlessness and short breath. Also, a rapid increase in weight is a probable side effect.
Females taking Anadrol may develop male features, including increased facial hair, male pattern baldness, deepening of the voice. Also, they might experience an increase in the size of the clitoris or decreased interest in sexual activites. These symptoms can be irreversible if one does not stop taking medication .
Patients taking Anadrol develop a condition called Peliosis hepatis in which blood-filled cysts replace liver and spleen tissues. It causes minimal hepatic dysfunction but sometimes leads to liver failure. Also, liver cell tumors are reported in some patients.
Furthermore, blood lipids changes, edema, renal or hepatic diseases, atherosclerosis, cholestatic hepatitis, and coronary heart disease are associated with the prolonged use of Anadrol. Besides, pain in the right upper quadrant and acute hepatic enlargement are other risk factors .